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History of Lviv




Panorama of Medieval Lviv

Historians assume that Lviv was founded by Prince Danylo Halytsky for Lev Danilovich, his son. The first written mention of the city dates back to 1256. It is contained in the Galician-Volyn Chronicle and appears in the context of the description of the fire in the capital of the Galician-Volyn state of Kholmi.

After the death of Dany, Prince Lev moved to Lviv the capital of the Galician-Volyn state. Subsequently, in 1303, the Lviv diocese was transformed into a separate metropolitan of the Constantinople Patriarchate.

In 1340, Lviv was conquered by the Kingdom of Poland, but the local nobles dumped the Polish authorities and formed an independent boyar republic. In 1349, Kazimir III the Great reigns over Lviv, giving the city the status of the capital of the Russian kingdom - an autonomous administrative unit of Poland. In 1356 the city was granted Magdeburg law. In 1378, Lviv, together with all Galicia, went under the authority of Hungary. Hungarian supremacy lasted for 9 years, after which the Polish troops under the leadership of Queen Jadwig again seized the city, which became the administrative center of the Russian Voivodeship.

In 1572, the first printer Ivan Fedorov moved to Lviv, where he published the first books in Ukraine. Meanwhile, the city remains a stronghold of Orthodoxy - there is an Orthodox brotherhood and Greek-Slavic school. In 1661 the Jesuit College - the mother of Lviv University - was founded in the city. In the first half of the XVII century. Lviv is the largest city in Ukraine (with a population of 25-30 thousand people)

During this period, Lviv survived the siege of Bogdan Khmelnytsky's troops, bought back from the Turks in 1672, which then were Doroshenko's allies, and was only once won - Swedish troops. In order to establish joint actions against Charles XII in 1707, King Piotr I. came to Lviv.

In 1772, Lviv went into the Austrian Empire, becoming the capital of crown land - the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. The Austrian authorities demolished the city walls, which prompted the city to develop and grow. So, in Lviv, a kerosene lamp and a kerosene lamp were invented, the world's first balloon of liquid fuel was launched, and the first ferro-concrete bridge was built in Europe. The city was the center of the Ukrainian and Polish liberation movements. During the First World War, Lviv was occupied by the Russian Empire. On the night of October 31 to November 1, 1918, the November Famine took place in the city, which led to the formation of a Western-Ukrainian People's Republic with its capital in Lviv. From the first days of its existence, the newly formed Second Commonwealth of Poland declared war on the ZUNR: Lviv was captured by Polish troops on November 21, the city became the administrative center of the Lviv Voivodeship.

In 1939, under the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, Lviv became a part of the Soviet Union, namely, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. The city became the administrative center of the Lviv region. In June 1941, Lviv was occupied by Nazi forces of Hitler. On June 30, the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (Wing Bandera) proclaimed an Act of Restoration of the Ukrainian State in Lviv, but this initiative was a response to the discontent of the German administration and its initiators were arrested. On July 27, 1944, the Red Army took over Lviv.

During the city's accession to the Soviet Union, a powerful national-liberation movement operated there. In 1991, Lviv became an integral part of the Independent Ukraine.
2009-2016 Права захищено - INTERES’но у ЛЬВОВІ.